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How to get rid of moles

Information, facts and resources to help you deal with an infestation of moles and, if the worst happens, how to destroy the moles and prevent this garden pests return.


Moles

What does a mole look like?

fox

Mole

Mole Description

  • A fully grown mole is typically less than nine inches in length.

  • Moles have cylindrical bodies covered in black or dark brown fur.

  • Moles ears are generally not visible, moles lack eyesight.

  • Moles have significantly noticeable, strong and muscular front digging limbs.

  • Female moles are called sows and male moles are called boars.

Where do moles live?

  • Moles can be found almost anywhere in North America, Asia, and Europe, with the exception of Ireland.

  • Moles inhabit grassland, open meadows and lawns.

  • Moles burrow through earth, so well tended gardens, lawns and tilled agricultural fields are attractive to them.

What are the signs of a mole infestation?

  • Sightings of moles hills or diggings.

  • Moles disturb plant roots when burrowing though they do not eat plants.

  • Moles are sometimes caught by dogs or foxes so dead moles may be found in a mole infested area.

What do moles eat?

  • Moles are carnivorous and eat earthworms, snails, slugs, grubs and insects.

  • Moles can bite earthworms they catch underground, and paralyze the worms with poison in the moles saliva. The moles then store the earthworms in underground caches for later eating.

  • Moles eat other small invertebrates living underground.

  • Moles are also known to eat small mice caught at the entrance to the mole's burrow.

Why must moles be controlled?

  • Moles can cause damage to lawns and flower gardens by their tunneling underground and the throwing above ground of freshly dug soil. This burrowing of moles can damage and disturb plant roots and the fresh soil on lawns from mole hills is unsightly and can damage and kill the lawn grass.

  • Moles are also an agricultural pest, damaging pasture and crop land and introducing burrows to land that other pests and vermin such as voles and weasels can access.

  • Moles can cause unsightly damage to lawns and fine greens, at for example, golf courses.

  • Moles do not eat plants, so do not directly kill plants or attack their roots.

How can I get rid of moles?

  • Moles are controlled by mechanical traps, poison and smoke bombs.

  • Mole can be killed by the use of poisons such as calcium carbide and strychnine.

  • Mole Smoke Repellents. Chemical repellents, and smoke bombs, approved for use against moles, can be an effective way of keeping moles away from your property.

  • Other anti-moles chemical products contain Phostoxin or Talunex tablets. They contain aluminium phosphide and are inserted in the mole tunnels, where they turn into phosphine gas.

  • Products of this nature can be purchased at specialist garden centres.

How can I prevent moles from returning?

  • Moles are disturbed by vibration and sound and there are mole-deterrent machines that can be used in the garden.

  • As moles do not like disturbance - digging of mole tunnels and mole hills can discourage moles and cause them to move and inhabit somewhere else.

  • Frequent smoke bombs can discourage and prevent further infestation by moles.

Mole Poisons and Mole Pesticides

  • Mole Poisons - Mole can be killed by the use of poisons such as calcium carbide and strychnine.

  • Mole Smoke Repellents - Chemical repellents, and smoke bombs, approved for use against moles, can be an effective way of keeping moles away from your property.

  • Other anti-moles chemical products contain Phostoxin or Talunex tablets. They contain aluminium phosphide and are inserted in the mole tunnels, where they turn into phosphine gas.

  • When using chemicals against moles and any pesticides always follow the instructions on the label.

The "Green Option" - Environmentally friendly control of Moles

  • Mole Deterrents. Moles can be smoked from their burrows and may move if this is a continuous annoyance to them - not likely to work over a large area of land.

  • Mole Deterrents. Cat litter and blood meal are unpleasant to the moles and can be used as mole deterrents.

  • Mole Deterrents. Flooding of the mole's burrows with water may be effective.

  • The prescence of moles and their effect on lawns and gardens is mostly visual - you could collect any freshly thrown up soil and re-distribute in the garden and allow the moles to burrow underground undisturbed.

  • Moles also perform an important role in aerating soil and causing new turnover of humus and soil - so may be valued by the gardener for this function.

  • Moles can be caught in "live traps" which allow the moles to be removed and released elsewhere without killing the mole.

Moles : Household Pests

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